Skip to main content
APSA Style Manual
This class requires you to use American Political Science Association style in your papers.
There are quite a few different ways to properly cite resources in your paper. The citation style usually depends on the academic discipline involved. For example:
- MLA style (Modern Language Association) is typically used by the Humanities
- APA style (American Psychological Association) often is used by Education, Psychology, and Business
- Chicago/Turabian (Professor Turabian, University of Chicago) is generally used by History and some of the Fine Arts
In this class, APSA (American Political Science Association) style will be used.
Some departments or individual professors create modified versions of citation styles that they expect you to follow as well.
Bottom line: Check with your professor to make sure you use the style required for that class. And whatever style you choose, BE CONSISTENT!
YOU SHOULD CITE WHEN:
- Referring to a source and stating someone else's opinions, thoughts, ideas, or research
- Using an image or media file that you did not create
WHEN REFERRING TO A SOURCE, YOU HAVE THREE OPTIONS FOR USING IT:
- Directly Quoting
"Which option you should choose depends on how much of a source you are using, how you are using it, and what kind of paper you are writing, since different fields use sources in different ways." Grounds for Argument. When to Quote, Paraphrase, or Summarize a Source. Used under CC BY NC SA
Image: Random quote by Gabriel Jones. Used under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
YOU DO NOT NEED TO CITE:
- Your thoughts and your interpretations
- Common knowledge
Many different tools exist to assist you in the process of creating a citation entry. There are advantages and challenges to working with these tools.
Common mistakes include:
- Selecting the wrong type of information source
- Inputting information incorrectly or leaving information out
- Misplaced or incorrect punctuation
- Improper capitalization
The biggest mistake is in completely trusting a citation generator to make no errors. Make sure you closely review all citations created in this way. You'll also still want to refer to your citation style guide to learn how to format your works cited/reference page.
See some choices for helpful citation managers and generators
Sewanee Writing Center
The Writing Center, located in the Academic Technology Center in du Pont Library, provides objective peer support to Sewanee students who seek assistance with their writing projects. The student tutors represent a wide range of majors, and they can help you at any stage in the writing process, including topic development, rough drafts, final drafts, and revisions. For the best results, we urge you to bring a copy of your professor's written instructions when you come. Please plan to stay for the conference with the tutor, as we will not accept papers that are dropped off.
Jessie Ball duPont Library, University of the South
178 Georgia Avenue, Sewanee, TN 37383