People usually think of arguments as disputes: children argue over a toy; roommates over the stereo; drivers about who had the right-of-way. Such arguments can be polite or heated, but they all involve conflict, with winners and losers. Academic arguments should be considered less as a prickly dispute and more as a thoughtful conversation with colleagues, a conversation in which you cooperatively explore a contestable issue that you all think is important to resolve or attempting to reach an agreement on the best answer to a hard question.
Polish some of the research skills that will be necessary for research, writing, and presentation across multiple academic disciplines.
Unless otherwise noted, the material in this guide has been quoted or adapted from The Craft of Research, 2nd edition, by Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams