The term "open educational resources" describes a copyrightable work that is licensed in a manner that provides users with free and perpetual permission to engage in the 5R activities:
Open Access (OA) and Open Educational Resources (OER) are closely related. Both are freely available with no paywalls
Designed by the textbook industry, Inclusive Access is a sales model that adds the cost of commercially published textbooks, in the form of ebooks, into students’ tuition and fees. While the advertised benefits of these programs have been widely promoted, there are also drawbacks for students and faculty that deserve equal attention concerning affordability, course material accessibility, and student data privacy.
While administrators will often point to these programs as a way to prevent the gamble students make when foregoing their textbook purchase, what this means in practice is that the student will either be charged for materials they can't afford, or go through the opt-out process and still be at a disadvantage. Even worse, if they decide to make a purchase from a competitor after opting out, like when studying for a midterm or final, they ultimately pay a higher price.
All of the purported benefits of these programs are covered more comprehensively and more equitably by Open Education initiatives.
Spaces & Places
About the Library
Jessie Ball duPont Library, University of the South
178 Georgia Avenue, Sewanee, TN 37383