What is quotation?
The simplest method of presentation is quotation in which the exact words of another person are used with quotation marks and appropriate citation.
Example: Dann Wigner said, "I can't think of any impressive quotes right now."
Direct vs. Indirect Quotation
Direct -- Robert Ingersoll condemned those who deny others their civil liberties: "I am the inferior of any man whose rights I trample underfoot."
Indirect -- Robert Ingersoll proclaimed that he was the inferior of any man whose rights he trampled underfoot.
Note: Both types of quotation require citation.
Note: Indirect quotation is not generally accepted for academic research, particularly research papers. Do not assume you can use indirect quotation. Ask your professor.
When to quote?
Adapted from Writing from Sources, 8th edition, by Brenda Spatt
Spaces & Places
About the Library
Jessie Ball duPont Library, University of the South
178 Georgia Avenue, Sewanee, TN 37383